At junior cert level, along with music theory and analysis, the students learn to interpret and appreciate a wide range of music genres from classical orchestral music to modern pop. Previous musical experience is not necessary in order for student to choose music as a subject. All abilities are welcome. The ukulele is the core instrument taught in the classroom which is central to the student’s rhythmic and melodic development. Students with previous music experience are also encouraged to bring in their instrument to participate in group performances both inside and outside the classroom. The practical performance element accounts for 25% of the junior cert examination. Students are free to choose an instrument of their choice to perform, with the ukulele being a popular choice. Aural skills, dictation, melody writing and music theory make up the remainder of the exam.